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Centre for Evidence-
Based Medicine

Other resources for evidence-based occupational therapy

Tickle-Degnen, L. (1998), Using research evidence in planning treatment for the individual client. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 65(3), 152-159.
  • Provides a step-by-step guide of how to ask the questions and search for evidence to guide the practice
  • Shows how the evidence is evaluated and how the conclusion is arrived in relation to the case scenario described in the article
  • Demonstrates how the client can be involved in the final decision about the intervention option after considering the evidence
Law, M., & Baum, C. (1998). Evidence-based occupational therapy. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 65(3), 131-135.
  • Gives the background to the evidence-based practice in occupational therapy
  • Good expansion on the challenges and threats to the evidence-based practice in occupational therapy
Bannigan, K. (1997). Clinical effectiveness: Systematic reviews and evidence-based practice in occupational therapy. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 60(11), 479-483.
  • Discusses the relevance of systematic reviews to the clinical practice of occupational therapy
  • Outlines how to access systematic reviews through the Cochrane Library or Databases of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness
  • Briefly critiques two systematic reviews on sensory integration, and preventing falls and subsequent injury in older people
Hayes, L.R., & McGrath, J.J. (1998). Evidence-based practice: The Cochrane Collaboration, and occupational therapy. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 65(3), 131-135.
  • Describes how occupational therapists can become involved in the Cochrane Collaboration
  • Describes how occupational therapists can use the Cochrane Collaboration to become better informed about best practice, to evaluated research in their area of interest and to learn skills related to conducting randomised controlled trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses
Carlson, M., Fanchiang, S., Zemke, R., & Clark, F. (1996). A meta-analysis of effectiveness of occupational therapy for older persons. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 50(2), 89-98.
  • Describes a study designed to determine the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for older persons using meta-analysis of outcome literature
  • Describes the process through which the authors were able to determine that occupational therapy in general is effective for older persons

Useful world wide websites

The Cochrane Library
This web page will provide you with:
  • the contacts with your nearest Cochrane centre
  • the contacts with the Cochrane Collaboration groups (e.g., schizophrenia group, stroke group) which may be reviewing a field of practice which is of your interest
  • Abstracts of Cochrane reviews
Australian Cochrane Centre
Canadian Cochrane Centre