Chronic hepatitis C - Interferon + Ribavirin increases virological clearance of HCV
Clinical Bottom Line
Interferon + Ribavirin "combination therapy" is significantly more effective than interferon alone or no treatment in clearing HCV.
Poynard T, Marcellin P, Lee SS, et al. Interferon a2b and ribavirin increased the loss of HCV RNA in chronic hepatitis C. Lancet 1998;352:1426-32.
In a patient with nonulcer dyspepsia and helicobacter pylori infection, will helicobacter eradication therapy result in a reduction in symptoms of dyspepsia?
"HCV" and "RCT" in Best Evidence
- Double-blinded randomised controlled trial with intention-to-treat.
- Patients >18 years, compensated CHC, naÃ¯ve to IFN and Ribavirin, Hb>12 (F) 13(M). Exclusions decompensated liver disease or other serious illness.
- Control group (N = 281; 281 analysed): interferon a2b plus placebo
- Experimental group (N = 281; 281 analysed): virological status at 24 weeks after the end of treatment.
|95% Condidence Intervals||0.16 to 0.31||3 to 6|
- Poynard's trial results are very similar to those published by McHutchinson based on US data.
- The results should be compared with background rates of clearance of HCV in established CHC of ~1%
- Drop out rate was low with 80% of patients completing the study
William Rosenberg 1999