In children, can home visiting reduce the injury rate? Roberts, I., Kramer, M.S., and Suissa, S. Does home visiting prevent childhood injury? BMJ 312:29-33,1996.
Critical Care Medicine
In critically ill patients, does the use of albumin compared to crystalloid for volume resuscitation increase mortality? Roberts I. Cochrane injuries group albumin reviewers. BMJ 1998;317:235-240.
In critically ill patients requiring mechanical ventilation, does prophylactic antibiotics reduce the risk of respiratory tract infection? Effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis in critically ill adult patients: systematic review of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 1998;316:1275-85.
Gastroenterology and Hepatology
In a patient with steroid induced osteoporosis, does treatment with bisphosphonates reduce bone pain, fracture rate and improve bone mineral density? Homik J, Cranney A, Shea B, et al. Bisphosphonates for steroid induced osteoporosis. CDSR 1999;issue 1.
Is corticosteroid injection or physiotherapy more effective in patients with rotator cuff tendinitis? Green S, Buchbinder R, Glazier R, Forbes A. Interventions for shoulder pain (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 1, 1999. Oxford: Update Software.
In a patient with a stroke, does admission to a stroke unit decrease the risk of death and dependency? Stroke unit trialists' collaboration. Collaborative systematic review of the randomised trials of organised inpatient (stroke unit) care after stroke. BMJ 1997;314:1151-9.
In an adult with dysthymia, are antidepressants effective in lifting mood? Lima M, Moncrieff J. Drugs versus placebo for dysthymia (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 1, 1999. Oxford: Update Software.
In a very premature infant, does indomethacin prophylaxis improve survival without severe disability? Fowlie PW. Prophylactic intravenous indomethacin in very low birthweight infants (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, 1997. Oxford: Update Software.
Is a self-management programme that includes asthma education plus regular review by health professionals, effective in improving health outcomes for adults with asthma? Gibson PG, Coughlan J, Wilson AJ et al. Self-management education and regular practitioner review for adults with asthma (Cochrane Review, latest update 25 May 1998). The Cochrane Library. Oxford: Update Software.
In a patient with COPD, does an in-patient pulmonary rehabilitation program improve strength, endurance, and quality of life? LacasseY, Wong E, Guyatt GH, King D, Cook DJ, Goldstein RS. Meta-analysis of respiratory rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Lancet 1996;348:1115-9.
In routine resuscitation of critically ill patients, are colloids or crystalloids more effective? Schierhout G, Roberts I, Alderson P. Colloids compared to crystalloids in fluid resuscitation of critically ill patients (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, 4, 1998. Oxford: Update Software.